An internship is a period of work experience offered by an organization for a limited period of time. Once confined to medical graduates, internship is used for a wide range of placements in businesses, non-profit organizations and government agencies

four types of internship

By With so many different options of available Internships, students (and their parents) may be confused about the different types of internships. Leverage this guide to better understand what’s out there and for some helpful hints on how to tell the difference. Co-Op (Cooperative Education) A co-op is a three-way partnership between a student, an employer, and a college or university. Co-Ops allow students to gain valuable work experience while also earning college credits. Many colleges endorse cooperative education by partnering with a variety of employers to provide career-related opportunities. Participating students work in jobs that relate to their majors. Practicum A practicum is a college course, often in a specialized field of study, that is designed to give students supervised practical application of a previously studied theory. Students work in teams or individually under the joint supervision of an employer and an academic adviser. To learn more about setting up a practicum, students should meet with their academic advisor or department head and target areas that are tailored to their personal, educational, and career goals. Externship
 Externships are distinguished by their short duration (usually one to three weeks) and are typically unpaid. Students spend a short period of time observing and often working with professionals in their career field of choice, allowing them to experience a typical day on the job and observe the work environment and demands of the career. Externships enable students to investigate a career field without making a long-term commitment. Apprenticeship
 Apprenticeships offer both practical experience and in-school training, while allowing students to learn a skilled trade and make money doing it. Apprenticeships are paid and wages increase as the apprentice gains experience. Service learning is usually structured as a three step process in which students outline their proposed service term and objectives, perform the service work, and then present conclusions based on an analysis of their experiences. Service learning allows students to work in organized service


In higher education in Canada, Nigeria and the United States, a course is a unit of teaching that typically lasts one academic term, is led by one or more instructors (teachers or professors), and has a fixed roster of students. A course is usually an individual subject. Courses generally have a fixed program of sessions every week during the term, called lessons or classes. Students may receive a grade and academic credit after completion of the course.[1]

In India, United Kingdom, Australia and Singapore, as well as parts of Canada, a course is the entire programme of studies required to complete a university degree, and the word “unit” or “module” would be used to refer to an academic course as used in North America and the rest of Europe. This corresponds roughly to an academic major in the United States system.

In South Africa, a course is officially the collection of all courses (in the American sense, these are often called “modules”) over a year or semester, though the American usage is common. In the Philippines, a course can be an individual subject (usually referred to by faculty and school officials) or the entire programme (usually referred to by students and outsiders).

Courses are time-limited in most universities worldwide, lasting anywhere between several weeks to several semesters. They can either be compulsory material or “elective”. An elective is usually not a required course, but there are a certain number of non-specific electives that are required for certain majors.

types of courses

Courses are made up of individual sessions, typically on a fixed weekly schedule.

There are different formats of course in universities:

the lecture course, where the instructor gives lectures with minimal interaction;
the seminar, where students prepare and present their original written work for discussion and critique;
the colloquium or reading course, where the instructor assigns readings for each session which are then discussed by the members;
the tutorial course, where one or a small number of students work on a topic and meet with the instructor weekly for discussion and guidance.
the Directed Individual Study course, where a student requests to create and title an area of study for themselves which is more concentrated and in-depth than a standard course. It is directed under a tenured faculty member and approved by a department chair or possibly the dean within that specific college;
the laboratory course, where most work takes place in a laboratory.
Many courses combine these formats. Lecture courses often include weekly discussion sections with smaller groups of students led by the principal instructor, another instructor, or teaching assistant. Laboratory courses often combine lectures, discussion sections, and laboratory sessions.

Students are expected to do various kinds of work for a course:

Attending course sessions.
Reading and studying course readings assigned in the course syllabus.
Discussing material they have read.
Writing short and long papers based on assigned reading and their own library research.
Completing homework or problem sets.
Completing laboratory exercises.
Taking quizzes and examinations.
The exact work required depends on the discipline, the course, and the particular instructor. Unlike most European university courses, grades are generally determined by all of these kinds of work, not only the final examination.

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